Global Handwashing Day 2020: This Simple Life-Saving Act Is Still A Far Cry For Many
Global Handwashing Day 2020 is here, and it's become a particularly important milestone in the pandemic. In a rather unexpected turn of events, videos teaching people how to wash hands have started trending on the internet. These videos, often describing in detail the most correct method of washing hands took over practically all sorts of content – from travel and food, to tech and business, when they were first published during the initial months of the outbreak. Nothing was, or is, as important as the simple yet life-saving act of washing hands.
Ironically though, these videos have failed to reach the people who might need them the most — people who lack access to smartphones and internet, and are thus missing learning some important life-saving hacks, and even to the ones who lack access to water and soap.
It is the year 2020, and washing hands is more important than ever in order to curb the spread of the deadly and constantly mutating coronavirus. But while people in modern households enjoy the luxury of a washbasin and a tap with running water, and can wash their hands for a good 20-30 seconds while singing the happy birthday song (twice!) 370 lakh people in India face an absolute lack of handwashing facilities at home, as per the Joint Monitoring Programme (JMP) for Water Supply Sanitation and Hygiene 2019.
According to water.org, over 990 lakh Indians lack access to safe water. Globally, the number of people who lack access to clean water is 200 crore.
The figures are even grimmer in African nations such as Guinea, where more than 50 percent of the population does not have access to handwashing facilities. Senegal, Somalia, Sudan and Zambia are also on a similar trajectory. In Liberia, more than 97 percent of the population has no access to handwashing facilities at home. War-torn countries such as Yemen are also at high risk, where only one-third of the population has access to piped water.
Lack of funding
As the coronavirus continues to grip the world even tighter, and studies warning of another potential outbreak in future emerge, there is an urgent need for the spotlight to be thrown on the need of water availability. 5G can wait.
As per the World Economic Forum, water and sanitation face an estimated $114 billion (approximately Rs. 8,37,267 crore) annual funding needed over the next decade, and the gap is around $85 billion (approximately Rs. 6,24,291 crore) per year.
Currently, the funds that are collected by systems and governments internationally are not enough to meet the Sustainable Development Goal 6 – water and sanitation for all by 2030. Some countries face a gap of as much as 61 percent for reaching their water and sanitation targets. If this goal is not achieved, water scarcity could displace 70 crore people by 2030.
The challenge of water shortage is not limited to poor households in Africa or India, but also to healthcare workers around the world. As per the United Nations Department of Economic and Social Affairs, two in five healthcare facilities around the world have no soap and water or even alcohol based hand rubs.